Indicator 22 - Teaching/Learning Strategies UETS 2e., 3e., 4d., 6b., 6c., 7d., 7g.
Effective teachers use specific teaching strategies to help students process new information. These strategies include graphic organizers, study guides, outlines, cooperative learning, providing visuals, connecting to background knowledge, summarizing, questioning, etc. Effective teachers also teach students specific learning strategies. These strategies help students select, find, organize, or integrate new information. These strategies include note taking, categorizing, mnemonics, verbal rehearsal, word associations, visualization, self-monitoring, etc.
- Use graphic organizers to help students locate, select, sequence, integrate, and restructure information. Organizers appear in various formats:
- Comparison/contrast or Venn diagram format where students are expected to provide the appropriate similarity or difference.
- Sequential formats where a progression of ideas or activities occurs with students expected to fill in the next logical step.
- Diagram formats such as: charts, maps, pictures, drawings, cartoons, or examples.
- Use a variety of study guides which focus specifically on information being learned and are presented in various formats to help students master material:
- An outline with main ideas included and subordinate ideas left blank for students to fill in during lesson presentations
- Factual or thought provoking questions
- Game answers where the question must be provided (Jeopardy)
- Short quizzes which cover segments of a specific concept that are properly corrected and returned to students to serve as study sheets
- Develop a well-supervised peer tutor program to expand opportunities for individualized instruction and repeated practice in classrooms with large groups of students.
- Become familiar with the principles governing cooperative learning so you can facilitate the creation of effective study groups:
- Organize heterogeneous cooperative study groups that provide students with an alternate method of learning to reinforce teacher instruction. Students assume various roles and accept specific responsibilities within the group to insure the group's success. This will be reflected in the success of each individual.
- Employ the vocabulary study strategy:
- Have students write the term to be learned on one side of a note card, and write definitions and examples of the term on the other side. Give students ten minutes at the beginning or the end of class to review, either by themselves or in groups, the terms and definitions, for the particular relevant concept.
- Help students discover effective study techniques for assimilating new material including such strategies as:
- Verbal rehearsal
- Word association
- Key vocabulary
- Teachers can incorporate technology into their lessons to enhance student learning and/or engagement. Examples are as follows:
- Use visuals projected on the screen to build background knowledge of students during the lesson.
- Use student response systems to make each student accountable and increase engagement.
- Incorporate apps or software into small group intervention/remediation.