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Indicator 23 – Structure and Sequence Activities

Delivering Instruction

Presenting Instruction

Indicator 23 - Structure and Sequence Activities UETS 2e.

Effective teachers provide a logical structure and sequence of lessons to ensure that students master prerequisite concepts before they move on in the curriculum. Teachers check to make sure they have given sufficient instruction before they give students guided practice or independent work activities. They always let students know where they are in the lesson and why.


  1. Use a format similar to the following, especially when introducing new material:
    • Structure the learning by proceeding in small steps, but at a brisk pace.
    • Present material so that one point is mastered before you move to the next point.
    • Give detailed, even redundant, instructions and explanations.
    • Provide many examples.
    • Ask lots of questions.
    • Provide active practice.
    • Offer specific feedback and correction.
    • Strive for a student success rate at or above eighty percent.
    • Divide seatwork assignments into smaller assignments to control success rate.
    • Provide for continued student practice.
  1. Make it a habit to tell students frequently where you are in the lesson. Briefly summarize where you have been, and quickly anticipate where you are going in the lesson. Keep students fully informed at all times.
  2. Incorporate tools of language development into instruction for English language learners to support development of English proficiency such as:
    • Develop and share explicit content and language objectives for each lesson.
    • Provide visuals whenever possible.
    • Link new learning to student background knowledge.
    • Pre-teach key content vocabulary.
    • Use graphic organizers during instruction to allow students to focus on key points.
    • Provide support in student’s first language when available or necessary.
    • Assess student knowledge orally or using appropriate supports based on student language proficiency.
    • Provide students with a learning buddy, preferably one who is bilingual.

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